Place the chopped fresh tomatoes, bread, bell peppers, onion, and garlic in the bowl of a food processor fitted with the steel blade or in the jar of a blender and purée until you can only see tiny bits of tomato skins. Transfer the mixture to a large bowl and whisk in the tomato purée, vinegar, 2 teaspoons salt, and 1 teaspoon black pepper. Slowly whisk in the olive oil.
Cover and refrigerate the soup for just 2 hours to allow the flavors to blend. If you refrigerate the soup for more than 2 hours, the olive oil will congeal so if you want to prepare the soup ahead, make it without the olive oil, refrigerate, and whisk in the oil just before serving.
Serve cold in large, shallow bowls and top with the croutons, cherry tomatoes, basil leaves, flaked sea salt, and a drizzle of olive oil.
Toasted Croutons (Makes 1 cup croutons)
Pour 2 tablespoons of olive oil in a small (8-inch) sauté pan and heat over medium-high heat until hot but not smoking. Add the bread and sauté, tossing occasionally, for 4 to 5 minutes, until evenly browned. Sprinkle generously with salt and pepper.
Note: As tomatoes are the main ingredient, try to use summer or farm stand tomatoes.
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